Encyclopedia

Personal Identity (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

There is no single problem of personal identity, but rather a wide
range of questions that are at best loosely connected. Discussions in
this area do not always make clear which one is at stake. Here are the
most familiar:

Who am I? Outside of philosophy, ‘personal
identity’ usually refers to properties to which we feel a
special sense of attachment or ownership. Someone’s personal
identity in this sense consists of those properties she takes to
“define her as a person” or “make her the person she
is”, and which distinguish her from others. (The precise meaning
of these phrases is hard to pin down.) To have an “identity
crisis” is to become unsure of what one’s most
characteristic properties are—of what sort of person, in some
deep and fundamental sense, one is. This “personal
identity” contrasts with ethnic or national identity, which
consists roughly of the ethnic group or

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John Locke > Some issues in Locke’s Philosophy of Mind (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Some issues in Locke’s Philosophy of Mind

In this supplement, we consider some of the most interesting and
controversial claims that Locke makes in the Philosophy of Mind. The
two most important of these are Locke’s remarks in Book IV,
Chapter 3 section 6 of An Essay Concerning Human
Understanding
that for all we know God could just as easily make
matter fitly disposed to think as He could add thought to an
immaterial substance; the second is the revolutionary theory of
personal identity that Locke added in Chapter 27 of Book II of the
second edition of the Essay. These claims and suggestions,
along with a number of others, turn out to be connected in interesting
ways and raise important questions about the degree to which Locke is
willing to endorse substance dualism and the extent of his commitment
to Boylean mechanism.



Thinking Matter, Immateriality of the Soul

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Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Finance is a study which figures out how people, businesses and groups make and use money. It can mean:

  • Thinking about money
  • Thinking about how to control money to make profit
  • Studying how to take chances in projects that make money
  • As a verb, “to finance” is to provide money for business.

The process of finance is learning how people and groups act in managing their money, and most of all how they manage making money, and making a profit, with spending money, or making a loss.

A group that makes more money than it spends can lend or invest the excess profit. On the other hand, a group that makes less money than it spends can raise money by getting a loan or selling stock, or spending less, or making more money.

A bank is where many people borrowing money meet people lending money. A bank gets money from

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Reid on Memory and Personal Identity (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Reid traces the target of his criticisms back to the Ancients, whom he
depicts as holding that the mind is a sensorium—a repository of
past ideas and impressions (Essays,
280).[1]
On this
theory, perception, memory and imagination are causal processes
beginning with purely physiological events: impressions on the
brain. These physiological states are taken to have mental
correlates—sensations or ideas of sense or sense
impressions—which are the objects of perception, memory and
imagination. These ideas or impressions are representations in the
sense that they preserve, or re-present information from their
physiological correlates. According to Reid, this view recognizes no
distinction between imagination and memory. Each consists in having a
picture-like impression that remains after the object that
impressed upon the senses is gone. The only difference between the two
is in the fidelity of the imagistic impression to its cause. Memory
consists in the preservation of images

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