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The ancestry of words in any accent or accountable can be a alluring adventure through history and beastly imagination. The afterward 8 origins of some accepted science words are prime examples.
The agreement we’ve alleged are some of the funniest aural and absorbing agreement that aboriginal came to mind. They appear from assorted accurate fields from Cartography to Anatomy, but all are appropriately alluring in their derivation.
1. Orogenies can be uplifting
Suits you sir! But in all seriousness, this is a appealing alarming accurate word.
An orogeny is a abstruse appellation in Cartography that defines a abundance architecture event. Added accurately it refers to the structural anamorphosis of the Earth’s band back two plates bang with one addition (usually both blubbery continental plate).
When this happens continental band crumples and is pushed upwards (and bottomward into the mantle) to anatomy one or multiple abundance ranges. The absolute activity is alleged orogenesis, or abundance building.
This is the capital activity on Earth for the accumulation of abundance ranges like the Rockies, Appalachians, and the Himalayas to name but a few.
The chat is acquired from the age-old Greek Oros acceptation “mountain” and alpha acutely acceptation “creating or origin”. Orogenesis as a appellation has been acclimated in the accomplished but it became broadly acclimated in Cartography from 1890 onwards.
2. Can you feel the peristalsis?
For anyone who remembers their high-school Biology lessons, you should already apperceive what this appellation means. But for those who aren’t sure, peristalsis is the automatic (not carefully controlled) binding and alleviation of anatomy aural the civil or addition canal.
This activity creates wavelike movements aural the canals to advance capacity advanced aural it, like carrion in the civil for example.
In actuality annelids, like earthworms, use a agnate apparatus to absolutely move around. A activity that has additionally been affected by some avant-garde accouterment like the alleged peristaltic pump.
There are additionally some robots that use the aforementioned address for locomotion.
The appellation is a admixture noun acquired from the avant-garde Latin peristallein “wrap around” which in about-face is acquired from two words of Greek origin. These actuality peri- “around” and stallein “draw in”, “bring together” or “set in order”.
Advertisement3. Ostracod and chips, pleaseSource: Anna33/Wikimedia Commons
You may or may not apperceive what an Ostracod is. But for those who are alien with these amazing creatures you are about to never balloon them.
Ostracods, aka ostracodes, are diminutive tiny little crustaceans that are sometimes additionally alleged berry shrimp. There are about 70,000 breed of them with all but 13,000 now extinct.
They are usually about 1 mm in breadth but can alter amid 0.2 mm and a whopping 30 mm for beyond species. Their bodies tend to be bedfast with their organs amid in two shells (valves) fabricated of chitin or calcium carbonate.
Ostracods can be begin all over the apple and accept been about back the Ordovician aeon – that’s added than 450 actor years!
And now the capital acumen for its admittance on the list. The best absorbing actuality about them (and one that best Cartography acceptance bethink for life) is that a male’s agent is the longest about to ancestor anatomy breadth in the beastly kingdom.
You can “take that to the bank”, as they say.
The appellation Ostracod comes from the Greek óstrakon that agency “shell” or “tile”. In fact, it is the aforementioned ancestry as the appellation to avoid which is was the convenance of voting with shells or potsherds to banish someone.
4. Schist happensSource: Michael C. Rygel/Wikimedia Commons
Sorry, we couldn’t abide this around-the-clock geological joke. Schist is a blazon of foliated metamorphic bedrock that forms beneath abstinent calefaction and pressure.
It is usually begin at allied bowl boundaries area two plates accurately into one another, and one is pushed beneath the other. As this happens sedimentary bedrock (like mudstones, shales etc) are compressed, acrimonious and chemically altered.
The calefaction and burden account the minerals aural the antecedent sedimentary rocks to transform into plate-like minerals alleged micas.
Not alone that, but the new minerals re-arrange themselves from an generally accidental adjustment into alongside alignments with their longest axes orientated at 90-degrees to the prevailing administration of compression.
This allows for the bedrock to be breach into attenuate aberrant plates abundant like slate or phyllite. These two bedrock types additionally appear to be agent accomplish appear the accumulation of Schist as burden and calefaction access over time.
The appellation itself is acquired from the French chat schiste which in about-face is acquired from the Greek skhistos “to split”. Skhistos, in turn, is acquired from skhizein acceptation “to cleave” in Greek.
5. Gneiss to accommodated youSource: Siim Sepp/Wikimedia Commons
Again we couldn’t resist, that will be the aftermost cartography pun we promise. Our aftermost access brings us on Gneiss-ly (yeah we lied) to this one.
As Schists are put beneath alike added calefaction and burden they can absolutely partially cook and recrystallize. This eventually leads to the accumulation of a bedrock alleged Gneiss.
Gneiss is addition foliated metamorphic rock that is acclaimed by its bands and lenses of capricious blended minerals. Some bands aural it can accommodate grains of minerals with chain textures.
Any basic minerals will tend to be platy or continued with bright affirmation of a adopted alignment of them aural the rock. It is this amalgamation and arrangement rather than its basic minerals that ascertain bedrock as a Gneiss.
If you anticipate the chat looks a bit German you’d be right. It is anticipation to acquire from the Old High German gneisto acceptation “spark”. This is attributable to the rocks “sparkly” burnish or luster.
6. Chill, aloof parallax!Source: Nathaniel Domek/Wikimedia Commons
Parallax is not aloof a air-conditioned accurate appellation but a abnormality we are accustomed with on a circadian basis. Assuming you accept binocular eyes that is.
The appellation is acclimated to ascertain the displacement or aberration in credible position of an article back beheld forth two altered curve of sight. It is usually abstinent by the bend or semi-angle of affection amid the two curve of sight.
It can additionally be acclimated to actuate distances as altar afterpiece to the eyewitness will accept ample credible accouterment than those added away.
You can do this on your own at home by acclimation your eyes on one of your fingers and again closing one eye and again the other. By befitting your boring on your feel you should apprehension it moves anytime so hardly larboard or appropriate about to the background.
In fact, it will move added in one administration than the added depending on whether you are larboard or appropriate eye dominant. Try it out!
Parallax is an important application in things like optical instruments such as burglarize scopes, binoculars, microscopes, and twin-lens reflex cameras that appearance altar from hardly altered angles. Astrophysicists can additionally use this assumption to admeasurement ample distances to planets or stars from Earth.
It is, in fact, a basic basic of your, and added predators binocular eyes as it is acclimated by your academician for abyss perception.
The appellation has afflicted little from its Age-old Greek basis parallaxis which means, roughly, “a change” and from parallassein “to alternate”.
Advertisement7. Please booty acetabulumSource: Anatomist90/Wikimedia Commons
The acetabulum, if you don’t know, is any of the cup-shaped, biconcave cavities in your hip that bench the arch of your femur. It is additionally accepted as the cotyloid atrium and is an basic allotment of how your leg keeps ashore to your pelvis.
Rather than actuality atypical structures, they are absolutely comprised of no beneath than three of the capital basic of your hip. It is fabricated up of the ischium, ilium and, of course, the pubis.
In life, both the acetabulum and arch of the femur are blanket in articular cartilage. In turn, the affiliation amid the femur and atrium are additionally anointed by a attenuate blur of synovial fluid.
So able is this bureaucracy at abbreviation abrasion amid the two structures that it is beneath than one-tenth that of ice gliding on ice. Absolutely amazing absolutely back you anticipate about it.
The ancestry of the appellation is absolutely absolutely fascinating. The appellation in and of itself actually agency “little alkali cup” in Latin.
And so its affinity to a baby alkali canteen of Roman times ashore for all eternity.
8. Talk about the weight of the apple on your shoulders
Do you apperceive what the abstruse name for the aboriginal vertebra that supports your arch is called? Booty a guess?
Yes, that’s right, it’s alleged the Atlas, or added frequently C1, vertebrae. No prizes for academic the agent of the former.
Science 11 Funny and Absorbing Agreement In Science and Engineering You Might Not Accept Heard
It is, of course, acquired from Atlas in Age-old Greek Mythology. This is the buck who supports the absolute apple aloft his arch – or in this case the skull.
But admitting this, its name is a little ambiguous if not magnificent. It is but one basic allotment of the absolute vertebral cavalcade that ultimately distributes the weight of the arch to the anatomy and legs.
However, it is absorbing in its own right. The C1 vertebra (and its analogue the C2 axis) is specialized to acquiesce for a greater ambit of motion than its lower brothers and sisters.
This is awfully important, as it allows for you to be able to nod and circle your arch with ease.